• AI:


    Hello human, I am a GPT powered AI chat bot. Ask me anything!


Gathering thoughts ...







Reading du’aa’s from pieces of paper when praying qiyaam

Top Readz Avatar

Question

I would like to ask whether it is permissible to write du’aa’s on a piece of paper and use it whilst praying qiyaam.  

I would also like to know whether toothpaste affects the fast or not.

Praise be to Allah.

Firstly: 

Reciting du’aa’ in Qunoot al-Witr is permissible for the imam
and the one who is praying alone, because of the report narrated by Abu
Dawood (1425) and Ibn Maajah (1178) from al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali (may Allaah be
pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught me some words to say in qunoot
al-witr: “Allaahumma’hdinee fiman hadayta wa ‘aafinee fiman ‘aafayta wa
tawallanee fiman tawallayta wa baarik lee fimaa a’tayta wa qinee sharra maa
qadayt, fa innaka taqdee wa laa yuqdaa ‘alayk. Wa innahu laa yadhillu man
waalayta wa laa ya’izzu man ‘aadayt. Tabaarakta Rabbanaa wa ta’aalayt. Laa
majaa minka illa ilayk (O Allaah, guide me along with those whom You
have guided, pardon me along with those whom You have pardoned, be an ally
to me along with those whom You are an ally to, and bless for me that which
You have bestowed. Protect me from the evil You have decreed for verily You
decree and none can decree over You. For surety, he whom You show allegiance
to is never abased and he whom You take an enemy is never honored and
mighty. O our Lord, Blessed and Exalted are You. There is no refuge from You
except with You).”  

Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan al-Nasaa’i.
See also question no. 14093. 

It is not proven that Qunoot al-Witr is something that the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did, rather it is
proven that ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) did it, as was narrated
and classed as saheeh by al-Bayhaqi.  

Hence some of the scholars are of the view that it is better
not to recite al-Qunoot all the time, rather one should do it sometimes and
not at other times. See al-Sharh al-Mumti’ by Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
(may Allaah have mercy on him) (4/19). 

Some of the scholars are of the view that one should not
recite Qunoot except in the second half of Ramadaan. This is the view of
al-Shaafa’i and of Maalik in one report. 

Al-Shaafa’i (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Qunoot
should not be recited in Ramadaan except in the second half (of the month).
This is what Ibn ‘Umar and Mu’aadh al-Qaari used to do. End quote from
Mukhtasar al-Muzani, published with al-Umm (8/114). 

Al-Baaji said in al-Muntaqa (1/210): Two reports were
narrated from Maalik concerning that, one of which says that Qunoot should
not be recited in Witr at all, and the other says that it is mustahabb
during the second half of Ramadaan, This was reported by Ibn Habeeb from
Maalik, and this was also the view of al-Shaafa’i. 

Abu Haneefah and Ahmad (may Allaah have mercy on them) were
of the view that Qunoot should be recited throughout Ramadaan, and Qunoot
may be recited in Witr throughout the year. 

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Qunoot is
Sunnah in Witr, in the single rak’ah, throughout the year. This is what is
narrated by our companions and this is the view of Ibn Mas’ood, Ibraaheem,
Ishaaq and ashaab al-ra’i. It was also narrated from al-Hasan. 

Another opinion was narrated from Ahmad, which is that Qunoot
should not be recited except during the second half of Ramadaan. That was
also narrated from ‘Ali and Ubayy, and it was the view of Ibn Sireen, Sa’eed
ibn Abi’l-Hasan, al-Zuhri, Yahya ibn Wathaab, Maalik and al-Shaafa’i, and it
was the view favoured by Abu Bakr al-Athram, because of the report narrated
from al-Hasan, that ‘Umar united the people behind Ubayy ibn Ka’b, and he
used to lead them in prayer for twenty nights during which he only recited
Qunoot in the second half. Narrated by Abu Dawood. This is like consensus. 

Qataadah said: Qunoot should be recited throughout the year
except in the first half of Ramadaan, because of this report. It was
narrated from Ibn ‘Umar that he only recited Qunoot in the second half of
Ramadaan. 

And it was narrated that he did not recite Qunoot in prayer
at all. 

The first report is the one that is favoured by most of our
companions. Ahmad said, according to the report of al-Marwadhi: I was of the
view that it should be done in the second half of Ramadaan, but now I recite
Qunoot, because it is du’aa’ and is good,and because of the report narrated
from Ubayy, that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) used to pray Witr, and recite Qunoot before bowing. It was
narrated from ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of
Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say at the
end of his Witr: “Allaahumma innee a’oodhu bi ridaaka min sakhatika wa bi
mu’aafaatika min ‘aqoobatika, wa a’oodhu bika minka. La uhsee thanaa’an
‘alayka, anta kamaa athnayta ‘ala nafsik (O Allaah, I seek refuge in
Your good pleasure from Your wrath, and in Your protection from Your
punishment. I seek refuge with You from You. I cannot praise You enough, and
You are as You have praised Yourself.”  He did
that all the time, and Ubayy’s action indicates that he saw him. The
difference of opinion among the Sahaabah concerning this is not to be
criticized, because it is Witr, in which Qunoot is prescribed, like the
latter half, and because it is dhikr that is prescribed in Witr, so
it is prescribed throughout the year like any other dhikr. End quote from
al-Mughni (1/447). 

Secondly:  

One should not make the du’aa’ of Qunoot too lengthy, rather
al-Baghawi said: It is makrooh to make Qunoot lengthy, just as it is makrooh
to make the first tashahhud lengthy. [Quoted by al-Nawawi in al-Majmoo’,
3/479]. Al-Qaadi Husayn said: If Qunoot is made
lengthier than usual, that is makrooh, and may be invalid. [Quoted by
al-Khateeb al-Sharbayni in Mughni al-Muhtaaj, 1/167]. 

One should also avoid that which has been introduced by some
imams who turn it into an exhortation by mentioning the grave, the
resurrection, the reckoning and so on, which is more suited to sermons and
exhortations than du’aa’ and Qunoot. If it is limited to the du’aa’ that the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught to al-Hasan,
or adds a little to that, this is better. It is a short du’aa’ that you
should learn by heart, so there is no need to look at a piece of paper. 

If you add some other short du’aa’s that were taught by the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), this will be good,
and it is easy to do. 

But if the imam or the worshipper is not able to memorize the
du’aa’s that are to be recited in Witr, there is nothing wrong with him
choosing whatever du’aa’s he wishes, because there is no specific du’aa’ to
be recited in Qunoot, and al-Qaadi ‘Iyaad narrated that the scholars were
unanimously agreed on that. [See: al-Majmoo’ 3/477]. 

Now that we understand that the basic principle concerning
the du’aa’ of Qunoot is that it is a short du’aa’, and that making it
lengthy is makrooh and contrary to the Sunnah, and that there is no specific
du’aa’ to be recited, not even the du’aa’ that is narrated from the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), then there is no need to
write the du’aa’ on a piece of paper and read it whilst praying. Rather it
seems that the motive for doing that is the desire on the part of imams or
worshippers to  recite complicated du’aa’s and to make Qunoot lengthy, as is
the case with many imams nowadays. 

What the worshipper should do is be keen to ponder and focus,
because of the report narrated by al-Tirmidhi (3479) from Abu Hurayrah who
said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: “Call upon Allaah and be certain of a response, and understand
that Allaah does not answer a du’aa’ from a heedless heart.” This hadeeth
was classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi. 

Thirdly: 

There is no sin on a fasting person if he uses toothpaste,
but he should be careful to avoid swallowing any of it. 

See also question no. 13619 

And Allaah knows best.

Tagged in :

Top Readz Avatar

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Alexa Liv

1.5M Followers

Check out our new font generatorand level up your social bios. Need more? Head over to Glyphy for all the fancy fonts and cool symbols you could ever imagine.

Latest Posts

Categories