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How sound is the hadeeth, “Give the adulterer the tidings of poverty”?

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Question

How sound is the hadeeth which says, “Give the adulterer the tidings of poverty, even if it is after a while”? If it is a saheeh hadeeth, can you explain it to me?.

Praise be to Allah.

Firstly: 

The hadeeth with the wording mentioned has no basis, as it
was not narrated by any of the scholars of hadeeth and it is not to be found
in any of the reliable books of Sunnah. 

Al-‘Ajlooni says in Kashf al-Khafa’ (1/286): 

“Give the killer the tidings of killing”. It says in
al-Maqaasid: I do not know it, and the well known addition that many
people say, “Give the adulterer the tidings of poverty, even if it is after
a while”, is also not saheeh, even though reality bears witness to that. End
quote. 

Shaykh Ahmad al-‘Aamiri said in al-Jadd al-Hatheeth
(73) that it is not a hadeeth. End quote. 

It says in al-Nukhbah al-Bahiyyah fi Bayaan al-Ahaadeeth
al-Makdhoobah ‘ala Khayr al-Bariyyah, by Muhammad al-Ameer
al-Kabeer al-Maaliki (d. 1228 AH) (p. 43): It is not known. End quote. 

There are other ahaadeeth which point to the same meaning,
but they are also not saheeh, such as the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah
be pleased with him), according to which the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Zina leads to poverty.” 

This was narrated by Abu Haatim, as it says in al-‘Ilal
(1/410-411), and by al-Qadaa’i in Musnad al-Shihaab (1/73), Ibn
‘Adiyy in al-Kaamil (6/432) and al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan
(4/363) via al-Maadi ibn Muhammad from Layth ibn Abi Sulaym, from Mujaahid,
from Ibn ‘Umar. 

Abu Haatim said, after narrating the hadeeth: This is a false
(baatil) hadeeth. I do not know Maadi. End quote. 

It was mentioned by Ibn Hibbaan in al-Majrooheen
(2/237) among the munkar hadeeth of Layth ibn Abi Sulaym. 

Ibn ‘Adiyy said in al-Kaamil (8/183): It is not known.
Al-Dhahabi said in al-Meezaan (3/423): It is munkar. Al-Albaani said
in al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah (140): It is baatil. 

See in al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah (1/270-274) other
ahaadeeth which describe the evils and negative consequences that result
from zina, all of which are mawdoo’ (fabricated) or munkar. 

Secondly: 

It is well known that sins bring nothing but evil and
calamities, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Evil (sins and disobedience to Allaah) has appeared on
land and sea because of what the hands of men have earned (by oppression and
evil deeds), that He (Allaah) may make them taste a part of that which they
have done, in order that they may return (by repenting to Allaah, and
begging His Pardon)”

[al-Room 30:41] 

“And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of
what your hands have earned. And He pardons much”

[al-Shoora 42:30]

Because of sins a person is deprived of provision and
goodness, and because of sins the earth is deprived of rain, even if they
are minor sins, so how about if they are major sins? 

It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be
pleased with him)said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) turned to us and said: “O Muhaajireen, there are five
things with which you will be tested, and I seek refuge with Allaah lest you
live to see them: Immorality never appears among a people to such an extent
that they commit it openly, but plagues and diseases that were never known
among the predecessors will spread among them. They do not cheat in weights
and measures but they will be stricken with famine, severe calamity and the
oppression of their rulers. They do not withhold the zakaah of their wealth,
but rain will be withheld from the sky and were it not for the animals no
rain would fall on them. They do not break their covenant with Allaah and
His Messenger, but Allaah will enable their enemies to overpower them and
take some of what is in their hands. Unless their leaders rule according to
the Book of Allaah and follow the guidance of Allaah, Allaah will cause them
to fight one another.” Narrated by Ibn Majaah (4019) and classed as hasan by
al-Albaani. 

So it is not unlikely that Allaah may afflict the zaani with
poverty, as a punishment for his sin, as he enjoyed pleasure in a manner
that was not permissible, so Allaah punishes him by depriving him of wealth
and independence of means, and sends poverty and hardship upon him, as a
punishment that fits his crime. 

Ibn Hibbaan narrated in al-Thiqaat (7/574) via
Mak-hool al-Shaami that Ibn ‘Umar said to him: O Mak-hool, beware of zina,
for it leads to poverty. 

And it was narrated that Asma’ (may Allaah be pleased with
her) said: I saw Zayd ibn ‘Amr as an old man, leaning back against the
Ka’bah and saying: Woe to you, O Quraysh, beware of zina for it leads to
poverty. 

This was narrated by Abu Na’eem in Ma’rifat al-Sahaabah
(8/120 2) and by Ibn ‘Asaakir in Tareekh Dimashq (19/512-513). It was
also quoted by Ibn Katheer in al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihaayah (2/241). 

Al-Munaawi said in Fayd al-Qadeer (4/72): 

“Zina leads to poverty” means it is inevitable, because
wealth (or independence of means) comes from the bounty of Allaah, and His
bounty is bestowed upon those who are content with Allaah and what He gives
them. Allaah has made His slaves free of any need to commit zina through
that which He has permitted to them of marriage by His bounty. So the one
who prefers zina to that has preferred to follow the accursed shaytaan
rather than being content with the bounty of Allaah, and if the bounty is
lost then independence of means is lost and there comes hardship. So zina
leads to loss of blessing. If a person is tested with it and does not give
it up and return (to the right way), then let him bid farewell to the
blessings of Allaah, for that is a guest that soon departs. 

“That is so because Allaah will never change a grace which
He has bestowed on a people until they change what is in their ownselves.
And verily, Allaah is All-Hearer, All‑Knower”

[al-Anfaal 8:53]

It says in Sharh al-Shihaab: Poverty is of two types:
poverty of hand and poverty of heart. The sin of zina takes away and erases
the blessing of wealth, because it is ingratitude for the blessing and using
it to disobey the One Who granted the blessing, so it takes it away. Then he
is tested with poverty of heart because of his weakness of faith, so his
heart starts to seek that which it does not have and he is not given
patience to bear it, and this is an ongoing punishment. End quote. 

Ibn al-Qayyim said in Rawdat al-Muhibbeen (360): 

Zina includes all kinds of evil: lack of religious
commitment, loss of piety, corruption of chivalry, lack of protective
jealousy. You will not find any zaani who is pious, or fulfils covenants, or
is sincere in speech, or maintains friendships, or has a proper sense of
protective jealousy concerning his family. 

Treachery, lying, betrayal, lack of modesty, lack of
awareness that Allaah is watching, failure to refrain from indulging in
haraam, and loss of protective jealousy are all results of zina. 

Another result of zina is the wrath of the Lord due to His
sacred limits being transgressed and the sanctity of the family being
violated. If a man were to do that to some king, he would punish him in the
worst manner. 

Another result is darkness of the face, and depression and
self-hatred, which are obvious to all onlookers. 

Another result is darkness of the heart and extinguishing of
light from it, which leads to extinguishing of light in the face and
darkness therein. 

Another result is inevitable poverty. According to a report,
Allaah says: “I am Allaah, Who destroys tyrants and make adulterers poor.” 

Another result is loss of respect for the one who does it, so
that he becomes insignificant before Allaah and before His slaves. 

Another result is that he loses the best of qualities, such
as chastity, righteousness and good character, and he acquires the opposite,
so that he becomes known as an immoral person, evildoer, adulterer and
betrayer. 

Another result is that he is no longer regarded as a
believer, as it was narrated in al-Saheehayn that the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The adulterer at the time
when he is committing adultery is not a believer.”  So he loses his faith in
a general sense, although he does not lose it altogether. Ja’far ibn
Muhammad was asked about this hadeeth and he draw a circle on the ground and
said: This is the circle of faith. Then he drew another circle outside it
and said: This is the circle of Islam. When a person commits zina he goes
out of (the former) but he does not go out of (the latter).  

Just because a man has a portion of faith, it does not mean
that he can be called a believer, just as if a man has a portion of
knowledge and fiqh, he cannot be called a scholar or faqeeh, or if he has a
portion of courage or generosity he cannot be called courageous or generous.
Similarly, he may have a portion of piety but he cannot be called pious, and
so on. The correct view is to take this hadeeth as it appears to be and not
try to interpret it otherwise. And Allaah knows best. 

Another result is that he exposes himself to becoming one of
the inhabitants of the oven in which the Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) saw adulterers and adulteresses.  

Another result is that he ceases to be tayyib (good), as
Allaah described those who are chaste, and instead becomes khabeeth (bad),
as Allaah describes those who commit zina, as Allaah says (interpretation of
the meaning): “Bad statements are for bad people (or bad women for bad
men) and bad people for bad statements (or bad men for bad women). Good
statements are for good people (or good women for good men) and good people
for good statements (or good men for good women)” [al-Noor 24:26]. 

Allaah has forbidden Paradise to everyone who is khabeeth
(bad, evil); rather He has made it an abode for the good, and no one but
good people will enter it. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Those whose lives the angels take while they are in a
pious state (i.e. pure from all evil, and worshipping none but Allaah Alone)
saying (to them): Salaamun ‘Alaikum (peace be on you) enter you Paradise,
because of that (the good) which you used to do (in the world)”

[al-Nahl 16:32] 

“and its keepers will say: Salaamun ‘Alaykum (peace be
upon you)! You have done well, so enter here to abide therein”

[al-Zumar 39:73]

They only deserve the greeting of the angels and admission to
Paradise because of their goodness, but zina is one of the most evil of
actions, and Allaah has made Hell the abode of evil and evil people. When
the Day of Resurrection comes, He will separate evil from good, and He will
put evil all together, then throw it and its people into Hell. No good
person will enter Hell and no evil person will enter Paradise. 

Another result is the sense of alienation which Allaah casts
into the heart of the zaani, and it is akin to the alienation that appears
in his face. The chaste person has sweetness in his face and comfort in his
heart, and the one who sits with him feels comfortable with him. But the
zaani has alienation in his face and the one who sits with him feels
uncomfortable with him. 

Another result is lack of respect from his family, companions
and others. He is the least significant of things in their eyes, unlike the
chaste man, who is respected and liked.  

Another result is that people regard him as treacherous, and
no one will trust him with regard to his womenfolk or children. 

Another result is the odour that emanates from him and is
smelled by everyone who has a sound heart; it comes from his mouth and body.
 

Another result is anxiety, because adulterers get the
opposite of what they seek. The one who seeks the pleasures and good things
of life by doing that which Allaah has forbidden will be punished with the
opposite of what he sought, because that which is with Allaah can only be
attained by obeying Him. Allaah never makes disobedience to Him the means of
attaining goodness. If the evildoer understood what pleasure, joy, delight
and good living there is in chastity, he would think that what he has missed
out on of pleasure is many times greater than that which he has attained,
let alone the ultimate achievement of attaining the reward and honour of
Allaah. 

Another result is that he exposes himself to missing out on
the enjoyment of al-hoor al-‘iyn in delightful abodes in the Paradise of
‘Adn (Garden of Eden). We have stated above that Allaah will punish the one
who wears silk in this world by depriving him of wearing it on the Day of
Resurrection, and He will punish the one who drinks wine in this world by
depriving him of it on the Day of Resurrection. Similarly, in the case of
the one who seeks haraam forms of pleasure in this world, for everything
that he got in this world, if it was available in a permissible form, his
share of it on the Day of Resurrection will be reduced, and whatever he got
in haraam ways will be reduced on the Day of Resurrection.  

Another result is that zina leads to severing of family ties,
disobedience towards parents, haraam earnings, wronging people and loss of
one’s wife and family, and it may led to shedding of blood that it is not
permissible to shed, or seeking help by means of witchcraft and shirk,
whether he realizes it or not. This sin can only be committed if it is
accompanied by other sins, beforehand or alongside it, and it generates
other sins that come after it. It is surrounded by a legion of sins that
come before it and after it, and it is the action that brings the most evil
in this world and in the Hereafter and prevents the most goodness in this
world and in the Hereafter. Once a person falls into the trap of this sin,
no advice will benefit him and no one can save him from it, and the
blessings of Allaah will soon depart from him. Anyone who commits this sin
may bid farewell to the blessings of Allaah.  

Allaah says: 

“That is so because Allaah will never change a grace which
He has bestowed on a people until they change what is in their ownselves.
And verily, Allaah is All-Hearer, All‑Knower”

[al-Anfaal 8:53]

“But when Allaah wills a people’s punishment, there can be
no turning back of it, and they will find besides Him no protector”

[al-Ra’d 13:11]

End quote. 

And Allaah knows best.

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