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He died and left behind a wife, four sons and four daughters

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Question

If a person dies and leaves behind four daughters, four sons and a wife, and he leaves for example 120,000 dirhams, how should his estate be divided? .

Praise be to Allah.

The division in this case is one of the issues of al-faraa’id
(division of inheritance) which is governed by two verses in the Book of
Allaah: 

1 – The verse in which Allaah states the inheritance of the
wife (interpretation of the meaning): 

“but if you leave a
child, they get an eighth of that which you leave”

[al-Nisa’ 4:12]

This verse allocates to the wife one-eighth of the estate if
there is a son of the husband. 

2 – The verse in which Allaah states the inheritance of the
children if there are both males and females (interpretation of the
meaning): 

“Allaah commands you
as regards your children’s (inheritance): to the male, a portion equal to
that of two females”

[al-Nisa’ 4:11].

Based on this, the estate is to be divided as follows: 

1 – The wife gets one-eight of the estate. 

2 – The rest is given to the sons and daughters, with the
male getting a share equal to that of two females. 

Dividing an estate of 120,000 dirhams is done in the
following manner:

Inheritor

Basic division
of shares

Units for
working out amount of shares

Division of
the estate

8

96

120,000

wife

1

12

15,000

4 sons

7

56

70,000

4 daughters

(included with
sons’ shares)

28

35,000

Inheritor

Basic division
of shares

Units for
working out amount of shares

Division of
the estate

8

96

120,000

wife

1

12

15,000

4 sons

7

56

70,000

4 daughters

(included with
sons’ shares)

28

35,000

 The value of one unit is: 120,000 divided by 96 = 1250
dirhams. 

The wife’s share of the estate is 12 x 1250 = 15,000
dirhams. 

The share of all the sons is 56 x 1250 = 70,000 dirhams. 

The share of one son is 70,000 divided by 4 = 17,500
dirhams. 

The share of all the daughters is 28 x 1250 = 35,000
dirhams. 

The share of one daughter is 35,000 divided by 4 = 8750
dirhams. 

And Allaah knows best.

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Alexa Liv

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